Drilling and production discharges and oil spills in the marine environment

  • 39 Pages
  • 4.67 MB
  • English

U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, Atlantic OCS Region, Environmental Assessment Section , Herndon, Va
Offshore oil industry -- Environmental aspects., Oil spills -- Environmental aspects., Offshore oil well drilling -- Environmental asp
Statementedited by S. Allison Abernathy.
ContributionsAbernathy, S. Allison., United States. Minerals Management Service. Atlantic OCS Region. Environmental Assessment Section.
LC ClassificationsTD899.P4 D75 1989
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 39, 9, 9 p. :
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1812444M
LC Control Number89602002

Abstract. This chapter addresses drilling and production discharges in the marine environment. It first provides a brief overview of the history of offshore oil and gas development to provide context for the ensuing by: 8. Drilling and production discharges to the marine environment present different environmental concerns to those in onshore areas.

Determining the potential environmental impacts in Cited by: 8. Download Citation | Drilling and Production Discharges in the Marine Environment | The exploration and development of offshore oil and gas fields is a relatively recent activity.

For example. National Research Council (U.S.). Panel on Assessment of Fates and Effects of Drilling Fluids and Cuttings in the Marine Environment. Drilling discharges in the marine environment. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: National Research Council (U.S.).

So far, understanding of marine environments, of oil and its behaviour when released onto the water surface, and of the methods and means of response to an oil spill, has been rather limited. This book introduces the reader to these problems and reflects the levels and trends of development in the field.

Since the definition of “ship” in the convention includes vessels of any type operating in the marine environment (hydrofoil boats, air-cushion vehicles, submersibles, floating craft and fixed or floating platforms, oil-drilling vessels and platforms), all of their discharges of oil into the sea are also covered by the scope of this convention.

Some of the spills have been spectacular in their volume and environmental damage. In addition, petroleum is discharged into the environment by many smaller sources, which sum to a large cumulative amount. In this chapter we examine the causes of oil spills and the ecological damage that can be caused in aquatic and terrestrial environments.

Discharges of chemicals are largely related to drilling activities, and the amounts discharged vary with the activity level. Drill cuttings account for most of the volume of material discharged to the sea.

Chemicals that are not discharged, are deposited below the seabed or are treated as hazardous waste. 5) The most biologically devastating oil spills in the marine environment are usually a result of _____. 5) _____ A) natural deep-sea seeps B) collision and/or sinking of oil tankers C) urban run-off D) blow out accidents on drilling platforms E) discharge from refueling tankers and ships.

Oil-laden drill cutting wastes have remained a serious environmental menace to well engineers and oil prospecting companies, due to unacceptability of oil-based muds to the environment as proscribed by the environmental guidelines.

The problem of oil-containing drill cuttings can be better appreciated when viewed along the line that in Nigeria, about 3, billion barrel of drill cuttings are. coexist in a marine environment that is sensitive to exploitation and contamination. Fisheries Research Services (FRS) has a significant role, providing advice on the nature and extent of the impact of the O&G industries to their regulator, the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).

Environmental Effects of Oil and Gas Production Exploration. Oil pollution is an ever present threat in the marine environment with large numbers of spills, both large and small, being recorded every year (European Environment Agency, ).

When spills impact on the coast, there is major public and political concern, and pressure for cleanup to occur. • Accidents that impact the environment, such as large oil spills, leaks, fires and explosions on plants.

Eventual deaths. • Emergency Response Plan. Table 1. Potential Environmental Impacts of the Oil and Gas Industry Source: based on Banco do Nordeste, - - - TO ACCESS ALL THE 36 PAGES OF THIS CHAPTER. The oil spill from the grounding of the oil tanker Exxon Valdez, still the largest such spill in U.S.

history, is infamous for the devastation it caused to the fragile marine wildlife in Alaska’s Prince William Sound. The tanker spilled approximately 11 million gallons of its million-gallon cargo of crude oil, killing an estimated.

Oil spills from offshore production have been insignificant, and while there have been some spills arising from shipping accidents, none have had lasting adverse effects on the marine environment.

Download Drilling and production discharges and oil spills in the marine environment FB2

In over 25 years of operation in Commonwealth waters, the petroleum industry has produced nearly 4 billion barrels of oil and only barrels of oil. NOVEMBER 2, -- When many of us think of oil spills, we might think of an oil tanker running aground and spilling its contents into the ocean, as in the case of the oil tanker Exxon Valdez when the ship ran aground near the coast of Alaska in In fact, there are actually several ways crude or refined oil may reach the marine environment.

In a forthcoming report by the Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (), estimates will be made on oil entering the marine environment from sea-based GESAMP Working Group has co-operated with the U.S.

National Academy of Sciences, which published its report in on oil discharges at sea and into the sea from North America. an SPCC Plan that describes oil handling operations, spill prevention practices, discharge or drainage controls, and the personnel, equipment and resources at the facility that are used to prevent oil spills from reaching navigable waters or adjoining shorelines.

Although each SPCC Plan is. Offshore drilling and production operations and oil spills or leaks from ships or tankers typically contribute less than 8 percent of the total oil spill. The remainder comes from routine maintenance of ships (nearly 20 percent), hydrocarbon particles from onshore air pollution (about 13 percent), and natural seepage from the seafloor (over 8.

The influx of oil from tankers and offshore oil operations are amongst the major causes of pollution in the marine environment (U. Coast Guard, ). Ballast water and other oily water discharged into the Arabian Gulf ranged betweenandtones in Oil drilling is one of the causes of the oil spill.

On-shore and off-shore oil drilling are some of the worst ways oil can find its way to the sea. Currently, many oil rigs are being drilled in seas. Some of which have technical issues hence causing oil spillage. The worst oil spill caused by off-shore oil drilling happened in the Mexican Gulf.

drilling products. All spills or leakages of oil, gas, salt water, toxic liquids or waste materials, blowouts, fires, personal injuries, and fatalities shall be reported by the operator to the BLM and the surface management agency in accordance with the requirements of Notice to Lessees NTL-3A; Reporting.

An oil spill accident at East China Sea on January 6, released more thantonnes of volatile petroleum products. Deepwater Horizon drilling accident was the largest accidental oil spill disaster in history that took place on Ap releasing million litres of crude oil. Big oil spills are known killers of wildlife.

Description Drilling and production discharges and oil spills in the marine environment EPUB

Just think back to the explosion of BP’s Deepwater Horizon rig in the Gulf of Mexico in The resulting spill cove square miles of sea surface and killed approximately 1 million coastal and offshore seabirds, 5, marine mammals and 1, sea turtles.

Smaller spills, including of other substances in the oil extraction process, don. Such spills are the most obvious, visible and dramatic causes of acute oil pollution of the marine environment. However, the largest oil spill ever was caused by Iraq deliberately released about million gallons (abouttones) of crude oil into the Persian Gulf during the Gulf War and burnt oil wells in Kuwait.

oil exploration and production waste discharges, waste management in oil and gas waste products, the regulations and legislations act related to oil and gas in Malaysia and the possible environment impact due to disposal of wastes to marine water.

Literature Review Oil exploration and production waste discharges Most of drilling wastes. BACKGROUND. As the name implies, an oil spill refers to any uncontrolled release of crude oil, gasoline, fuels, or other oil by-products into the spills can pollute land, air, or water.

Although the term "oil spill" often makes people think of spills in the ocean and coastal waters, such as in during the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico or the Exxon.

The production of oil is relatively clean and safe.

Details Drilling and production discharges and oil spills in the marine environment FB2

Again, it's the transportation that presents the greatest risk. And even these spills (though. Byoil and gas spills were increasing, with the United Kingdom alone reporting a total of spills.

A % increase from A % increase from Inthe North Sea saw one of its largest oil spills by Shell due to a leak in a flow line leading to its Gannet Alpha oil platform off of the coast of Scotland. When oil-related chemicals are released into the marine environment they can bioaccumulate in aquatic organisms.

Many individual oil-related chemical compounds are toxic, with some being likely carcinogens. In SeptemberHurricane Ivan, a Category 3 storm at the time, passed through the northern Gulf of Mexico. and distortion of environment due to oil spill is a major concern of discussion.

Marine, land, and ground water are being affected by the oil spills and resulted into land and sea water pollution.accounting for an estimated 47 percent of the crude oil entering the global marine environment annually.

7. The remaining 53 percent of oil entering the marine. environment makes its way there during operational discharges from production, transportation, and consumption of .production, processing, and transportation facilities.

Examples of potential causes of oil spills from offshore and onshore marine facilities include uncontrolled oil well blowouts; pipeline leaks and ruptures; breaches of containment systems; containment tank overfills, leaks, or failures; and accidental discharges during oil transfer operations.